Mr Ahmed Ismail

Consultant Gynaecologist & Fertility Expert

 

Early Detection of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the UK. About 48,000 women get breast cancer in Britain each year. Most (8 out of 10) are over 50, but younger women, and in rare cases, men, can also get breast cancer.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer can have a number of symptoms but usually shows as a lump or thickening in the breast tissue (although most breast lumps are not cancerous). If cancer is detected at an early stage, it can be treated before it spreads to nearby parts of the body.

If you notice any of these symptoms, see your consultant as soon as possible. After an examination, they may feel it necessary to refer you to a specialist breast cancer clinic for further tests.

Types of breast cancer

There are several different types of breast cancer, which can develop in different parts of the breast. Breast cancer is often divided into non-invasive and invasive types.

Non-invasive breast cancer

Non-invasive breast cancer is also known as cancer or carcinoma in situ, or pre-cancerous cells. This cancer is found in the ducts of the breast and has not developed the ability to spread outside the breast. This form of cancer rarely shows as a lump in the breast and is usually found on a mammogram. The most common type of non-invasive cancer is ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).

Breast Front View

Invasive breast cancer

Invasive cancer has the ability to spread outside the breast, although this does not mean it necessarily has spread. The most common form of breast cancer is invasive ductal breast cancer, which develops in the cells that line the breast ducts. Invasive ductal breast cancer accounts for about 80% of all cases of breast cancer and is sometimes called 'no special type'.

Other types of breast cancer

Other less common types of breast cancer include invasive lobular breast cancer, which develops in the cells that line the milk-producing lobules, inflammatory breast cancer and Paget's disease of the breast. It is possible for breast cancer to spread to other parts of the body, usually through the lymph nodes (small glands that filter bacteria from the body) or the bloodstream. If this happens, it is known as secondary or metastatic breast cancer

Breast Front View

  1. Pathological Benign Tumors in Breast Called Fibroadenoma
  2. Pathological Malignant Tumors Called Breast Duct Carcinoma of the Breast usually Situated Retro areola and rising from mammary ducts.
  3. Pathological/Physiological Hormonal Changes Called Fibrocystic Changes.
  4. Breast Abscess usually develops in post Natal Period and at the time whether patient Breast Feeding or unsuppressed Breast Milk in Non Breast Feeding or following Still Birth, Neonatal Death, and some time in rare cases following miscarriages or abortion.

Diagnosis of Breast Cancer by Ultrasound:

The patient unfortunately never received advice in the past to carry out self breast examination, and she came to see us with advanced breast cancer , further CT scan confirmed metastasis in the lung , not in the bone or the liver.

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